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PFH2

Outlook

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Continuum. You can get a copy here. In our daily lives, too often we have our creativity submerged. We can walk down the street, drive to work, bicycle, watch TV, eat, etc. without ever really using this Darwinian machine. The more accustomed we become to […]

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PFH2

Evolution in the Head

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Continuum. You can get a copy here. If you’re good at finding the one right answer to life’s multiple-choice questions, you’re smart. But intelligence is what you need when contemplating the leftovers in the refrigerator, trying to figure out what might go with them. Or if trying […]

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PFH2

The Red Queen Hypothesis

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Continuum. You can get a copy here. “Well, in our country,” said Alice, still panting a little, “you’d generally get to somewhere else—if you run very fast for a long time, as we’ve been doing.” “A slow sort of country!” said the Queen. “Now, here, […]

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PFH2

The Origin of Life

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Continuum. You can get a copy here. How would you create a life-like model of your face? A simple approach is to cover your face with papier-mâché, let it dry, detach it from your face, then fill the inside of the mask with plaster, […]

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PFH2

Artificial Life

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Continuum. You can get a copy here. It is raining DNA outside. On the bank of the Oxford canal at the bottom of my garden is a large willow tree, and it is pumping downy seeds into the air. […] [spreading] DNA whose coded […]

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PFH2

Chemical Evolution

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Continuum. You can get a copy here. It is mere rubbish, thinking at present of the origin of life; one might as well think of the origin of matter. —Charles Darwin, Letter To J. D. Hooker [Darwin, 2012] What are some specific examples in nature of complex […]

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PFH2

Basics of Evolution

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Continuum. You can get a copy here. What are the three major properties a system needs to have in order to evolve? Still, it needs to be said that the light of evolution is just that—a means of seeing better. It is not a […]

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PFH2

Evolution

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Continuum. You can get a copy here. It makes one wonder what the evolutionary tree of this idea [the theory of evolution] would look like, were it an organism that could be mapped out by fossil record rather than words. The concept is one […]

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PFH2

The Big Bang

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Continuum. You can get a copy here. If the “big bang” created the universe, and if nothing existed before the big bang, where did the big bang come from? Imagine an infinite sea of energy filling empty space, with waves moving around in there, […]

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PFH2

Chaos Theory

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Continuum. You can get a copy here. Nature uses only the longest threads to weave her patterns, so each small piece of her fabric reveals the organization of the entire tapestry. —Richard Feynman, The Character of Physical Law [Feynman, 1994, p. 28] How can structure emerge from chaos? […]

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PFH2

Interpretations of the Quantum Theory

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Continuum. You can get a copy here. Many Worlds Interpretation Why could the many worlds interpretation be called ontologically wasteful? An approach to explain what is going on at the ontological level is the so-called many worlds interpretation. Instead of claiming that until something is […]

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Copenhagen Interpretation

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Continuum. You can get a copy here. What is the ontological view of the Copenhagen interpretation? The unexplained mystery of thermal radiation (among others, like the photoelectric effect) led to the theory that light comes in packages: the quantum theory. The first interpretation to […]

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Development of Quantum Mechanics

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Continuum. You can get a copy here. Is light a wave or a particle? […] when we allow for the dynamics of gravity and quantum mechanics, we find that [our] commonsense notion is no longer true. This is the beauty of science, and it […]

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Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Continuum. You can get a copy here. Ask me if an ordinary person could ever get to be able to imagine these things like I imagine them. Of course! I was an ordinary person who studied hard. There are no miracle people. It happens […]

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PFH2

Popular Science

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Continuum. You can get a copy here. Science has become synonymous for “truthful.” This has led people to try to emulate science without following the scientific method. Some have even started calling themselves “scientists” and used their titles to give their statements more meaning. […]