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Occam’s Razor

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Continuum. You can get a copy here. Given that for a phenomenon, explanations of arbitrary complexity can be made, which view of the world should we choose? OCCAM’S RAZOR PRINCIPLE ·  According to the Occam’s Razor principle, among competing hypotheses, the one with the fewest assumptions […]

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How Are Heroes Relevant To You

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Knowledge. You can get a copy here.   My journey into philosophy started with this quote: My philosophy, in essence, is the concept of man as a heroic being, with his own happiness as the moral purpose of his life, with productive achievement as […]

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An Introduction to Science

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Continuum. You can get a copy here. It is impossible for someone to dispel his fears about the most important matters if he doesn’t know the nature of the universe but still gives some credence to myths. So without the study of nature there […]

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Physics

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Continuum. You can get a copy here. The ideal subject of totalitarian rule is not the convinced Nazi or the convinced Communist, but people for whom the distinction between fact and fiction (i.e., the reality of experience) and the distinction between true and false […]

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The Key to Wisdom

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Knowledge. You can get a copy here.   “The wise man questions the wisdom of others because he questions his own, the foolish man, because it is different from his own.”   —Leo Stein I see my personal key to wisdom as a form of […]

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Basics of Philosophy

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Knowledge. You can get a copy here.   For some readers, many of the issues and items presented here might seem trivial. For example, it is obvious what “something” is and that it exists. Yet that is the very point and focus of these […]

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Induction and Deduction

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Knowledge. You can get a copy here.   How does the process of deduction supplement the process of induction? Now we know how to design concepts and a concept hierarchy, and how to assign to the concepts corresponding definitions. We have also learned how […]

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Language and Mathematics

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Knowledge. You can get a copy here.   To those who do not know mathematics, it is difficult to get across a real feeling as to the beauty, the deepest beauty, of nature. […] If you want to learn about nature, to appreciate nature, […]

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The Value of Language

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Knowledge. You can get a copy here.   Concepts and, therefore, language are primarily a tool of cognition—not of communication, as is usually assumed. Communication is merely the consequence, not the cause nor the primary purpose of concept-formation—a crucial consequence, of invaluable importance to […]

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“Instead of aiming for ZERO mistakes, aim for TEN mistakes per week. If you (or your partner or work colleagues) make fewer mistakes than that, something must be wrong. Either you did not dare to make mistakes, or you (or your environment) are not strong or open enough to be vulnerable.” The Vulnerable Hero: The […]

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Painting

“By painting the sky, Van Gogh was really able to see it and adore it better than if he had just looked at it. In the same way…, you will never know what your husband looks like unless you try to draw him, and you will never understand him unless you try to write his […]

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She still moved like a shadow

“The unicorn lived in a lilac wood, and she lived all alone. She was very old, though she did not know it, and she was no longer the careless color of sea foam but rather the color of snow falling on a moonlit night. But her eyes were still clear and unwearied, and she still […]

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Thought As A System

“And, though the brain as a whole is not mechanical, it can get caught up into a system of reflexes that looks like a machine.” — David Bohm, Thought As A System

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Concepts

This is an excerpt from the book series Philosophy for Heroes: Knowledge. You can get a copy here.   If names are correct, there is order; if names are allowed to become confused, there is disorder. What causes the confusions of names are explanations that involve an excess of elegance and subtlety. If explanations involve […]

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If machines can learn to value human life, maybe we can, too.

“If machines can learn to value human life, maybe we can, too.” — Terminator 2